Real aloe - care of the ornamental and medicinal plant

Real aloe - care of the ornamental and medicinal plant

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This guide explains how to repot, water and fertilize the real aloe vera, as well as other care tips for the location and substrate.

Subtropical plants in our region are no longer uncommon. Nevertheless, some plant lovers are hesitant to get exotic plants “in the house” because they fear an immense amount of maintenance. Despite all doubts: some of these plants are very undemanding to care for them. This also includes the real aloe (Aleo vera). Originally native to the Arabian Peninsula, it also thrives as a houseplant in the temperate climate of Central Europe. Only in summer does this plant from the succulent family accept a warm and dry place in the tub on the terrace or in the garden. But before you put the aloe outdoors, the outside temperature should be stable except for slight deviations.

Real aloe profile

The real aloe, also known as desert lily, is very much appreciated by plant lovers as a decorative, evergreen ornamental plant. In addition, it is also in demand as a medicinal plant. It stores water in its fleshy, gray-green leaves, which is converted into gel. Medicines, cosmetics and nutritional supplements are obtained from this. The aloe is a frugal, easy-care plant that works without water for a long time.

Real aloe (Aloe vera)
Height:45-55 cm
Leaves:up to 50 cm long
Use:Ornamental plant, medicinal plant
Location:Sun to partial shade
Ground:well-drained, sandy
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❏ Real aloe - the best location

Aloe vera loves warm, bright places. It also tolerates penumbra. In summer you can also place the desert lily outdoors on the terrace or in the garden. Pay attention to a sunny location here, blazing sun can not harm her. However, you should give the crop a 14-day habit in the penumbra. In autumn, bring the aloe vera back into the house, because it cannot stand cold and frost. The crop excellently hibernates in a bright place, at temperatures of more than 10 ° C.

❏ Real aloe in the bucket

  • A heavy planter is recommended. It should have the same diameter at the top and bottom so that the bucket cannot fall over later.
  • The potting soil must be well drained, dry and somewhat calcareous. Mix normal potting soil with granite chips, perlite and coarse sand. Cactus or succulent soil has also proven successful. The important thing is that the soil must be low in nutrients.
  • In addition, drainage in the bucket is advisable so that excess water runs off and no waterlogging can occur. Use granite chips or coarse gravel for this.

➔ Do not damage leaves when planting

You can get young aloe plants in the garden center or via online plant delivery. You will receive this potted. Nevertheless, it is advisable to repot the plants to a larger planter soon, as the desert lily grows quickly.

Here's how to repot step by step:

  1. Carefully remove the plant from the old pot. Hold the aloe vera at the bottom, but not on the leaves. These break very quickly and leave unsightly wounds on the plant.
  2. Then put the aloe in the new pot and fill it with soil. If you tap the planter more often on a solid surface, the soil solidifies in the pot and the plant gets a stable hold.
  3. Ultimately, water your desert lily well. Remove excess water immediately. The water is only poured again when the upper layer of soil in the pot feels dry.

❏ Water moderately in summer and significantly less in winter

  • As soon as the earth is noticeably dry in summer, the aloe vera is poured. If the plant remains dry for too long, it will draw on its water reserves and the leaves will lose their lush green colors.
  • In winter, the soil in the pot can almost dry out. It is enough to water your succulent plant once every 4 to 6 weeks.
  • Make sure that you do not wet the leaves with water and avoid waterlogging.

❏ Aloe vera - fertilize with special fertilizer

During the growth phase in summer, fertilize the real aloe with a succulent fertilizer every 2 to 4 weeks. Only in winter the plant is not supplied with nutrients.

❏ When is the real aloe cut?

The real aloe does not necessarily have to be cut. Unless it has dry or withered leaves that need to be removed so the plant's optics are clean again. Another reason for cutting the desert lily is when a leaf is to be separated for the extraction of the gel. Always use the lowest leaves for this, which are cut cleanly close to the plant base.

❏ Pests due to maintenance errors

In principle, the real aloe is resistant to diseases. However, root rot can occur if the soil in the pot or bucket is constantly too moist. The plant can then no longer be saved. In winter, mealybugs and / or root lice can be infected.

Detect and fight pests

  1. The infestation of mealybugs can be seen on the white nests on the roots of the leaves. These absorb the plant sap and thus weaken the plant. If you still want to use the leaves for wound healing, then you must not use chemical pesticides. It is best to wipe the affected leaves with a cloth or cotton ball soaked in alcohol. If you want to be sure, repeat this process several times in the next few days.
  2. The root lice sit invisibly on the roots of the plant and prick them. They also feed on plant juice. Root lice form white nests on the bottom, on roots and on the inside of the pot. On the other hand, only repotting and treating the roots help, similar to infestation with mealybugs.

Summary: The real aloe is popular as a subtropical plant, but in our latitudes it can only be kept as a pot or container plant. Succulent soil is suitable as a planting substrate. There is little watering and fertilization with a special fertilizer. The gel from their leaves has a healing effect when treating wounds.