Weed or dirty row (Lepista sordida): photo and description of the mushroom

Weed or dirty row (Lepista sordida): photo and description of the mushroom


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A dirty row, or weedy one, belongs to the family of Ryadkov, the genus of Ordinary, which includes about 100 species. More than 40 of its representatives grow on the territory of Russia, among them there are edible and poisonous ones.

Their name is associated with the peculiarity of growing large colonies in the form of rows or circles, which are often called "witch".

A dirty ryadovka is an understudied mushroom, so it is worth learning more about its appearance, places of growth, taste, benefits and harms from use.

Where does the weedy mushroom grow

This variety belongs to ground mushrooms, distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, in the temperate zone. Row often forms mycorrhiza with coniferous trees - fir, spruce, pine, larch, but sometimes it can grow in symbiosis with deciduous trees - birch, oak, beech. Prefers sandy or calcareous soils, can grow in open spaces, in parks, squares, vegetable gardens, meadows. Fruiting begins in July and ends with frost. Dirty rows appear as single specimens or bunches, more often in large groups in the form of circles, the diameter of which can reach 60 m and more.

What a weed row looks like

The dirty ryadovka has several names - weed, titmouse, dirty lipist or weed.

Growing in colonies, representatives of this species can grow together with fruiting bodies in the area of ​​the base of the legs. The hats are first in the shape of a ball, later they become flatter, outstretched, with a tubercle in the central part. In diameter, they reach 3 - 7 cm. The color depends on the place of growth and changes from red to brown with barely noticeable stripes. The edge of the head of a dirty row can be wavy, tucked up. The pulp is thin, very moist, has a gray-purple color, pleasant aroma and taste.

The hymenophore of the cap consists of often spaced plates that have grown together with the surface of the fruiting body. Their color is dirty purple. The spore powder has a pink tint.

The leg of a dirty row is 5 cm long, about 0.8 cm thick. Its color matches the shades of the cap, the texture is fibrous, the shape is cylindrical, expanding near the base. The leg, dense at a young age, later becomes hollow inside.

Is it possible to eat a row weed

According to the classification, the dirty ryadovka belongs to the fourth category - conditionally edible mushrooms. Representatives of this group are considered to be of little value in terms of taste, culinary and nutritional value.

Since the ryadovka is dirty - a poorly studied mushroom and is classified as conditionally edible in many sources, it is recommended to boil it before use in order not to get disturbances in the digestive tract. Do not use the broth after cooking.

Mushroom taste

Many are afraid to collect dirty rows and use them for food. This is due to their color. The bluish tint makes this look look like toadstools. You should learn to distinguish between mushrooms, while the basic rule says: "If you are not sure - do not take it." Even the slightest doubt about the quality should end with the rejection of the mushroom.

Important! The smell can tell a lot about the quality and edibility of dirty rows. It should be fragrant and pleasant. Dusty and mealy - indicates that the specimen is poisonous.

Real ryadovki are tasty and are used in the preparation of various dishes. They are good in soups, as well as fried, boiled, salted, pickled. But for a complete guarantee of safety, the preparation of mushrooms is necessary:

  • soaking in cold water;
  • removing the skin from the cap;
  • heat treatment for 15 minutes. and brine removal.

Benefits and harm to the body

Dirty rows are a dietary product with a rich chemical composition, which includes:

  • vitamins B, A, C, K, PP;
  • minerals;
  • amino acids;
  • natural antibiotics fomecin and cellocin;
  • phenols;
  • flavonoids;
  • polysaccharides.

Among the properties of dirty ryadovka were identified:

  • antiviral;
  • antioxidant;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • immunomodulatory.

This allows the use of a dirty row in the complex treatment of pathologies:

  • rheumatism;
  • arrhythmias;
  • disorders of the nervous system;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • osteoporosis;
  • diseases of the genitourinary system.

Despite the benefits of using dirty rows, there are contraindications to their use. Do not use them as food for children under 12 years of age, women during pregnancy and lactation, persons with individual intolerance to the product, patients with pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract (especially with ulcers, gastritis).

False doubles

Similar species are ryadovka naked (purple) and gray-blue, which are very similar to each other.

The row is naked or purple

It has a convex fleshy large cap, first brownish, and later purple.

The leg, in contrast to the weed row, is smooth, its size is larger. Produces a pleasant fruity scent. The mushroom is classified as conditionally edible, with the obligatory performance of heat treatment. Grows in coniferous forests under litter.

You can see what this double looks like in the video:

Row gray-blue

The cap of this representative is large, up to 16 cm in diameter, changes with age from conical to spherical. The skin is smooth. Color - lilac, lilac with a cream shade. The smell is light, fruity or almost absent. The leg is covered with small scales. The species grows in forest humus, along roads and paths in large groups. It belongs to conditionally edible, requires heat treatment.

Collection rules

The dirty ryadovka begins to bear fruit most abundantly in the fall, after the first September frosts and foliage falling.

Important! Mushroom pickers who go hunting for dirty rows should know well how they look, be able to distinguish them from inedible or poisonous species.

The best collection time is in the morning. The mushroom picker will need a basket with hard walls, a sharp knife, comfortable clothes, waterproof shoes.

It is worth carefully examining the fruit body, making sure of its edibility, carefully cutting and placing in a basket, removing leaves and debris adhering to the caps. Upon arrival home, the mushrooms must be sorted, cleaned of dirt, soaked and further processed.

Use

Dirty ryadovka refers to dietary products that contain useful vitamins and minerals, have a beneficial effect on digestion, but do not abuse it, as this can negatively affect the functioning of the stomach and intestines.

To prepare salted mushrooms, you need the following ingredients:

  • salt - 100 g;
  • water - 1 l;
  • garlic;
  • mushrooms - 2 kg;
  • dill;
  • pepper;
  • horseradish and currant leaves;
  • olive oil - 1 tbsp l.

Soaked and boiled mushrooms are placed in a saucepan, poured with cold water and boiled for 25 minutes, removing the foam. In sterilized jars, horseradish leaves, currants, garlic, pepper are placed on the bottom. Fruit bodies are placed on them with their caps down, sprinkling the layers with salt. Pour oil on top, close the jars and put in a cool place. The mushrooms are ready to eat in a month and a half.

It is possible to prepare pickled dirty rows, which will require the following ingredients:

  • vinegar (9%) - 4 tbsp. l .;
  • water - 500 ml;
  • mushrooms - 1 kg;
  • onion - 1 pc.;
  • carrots - 1 pc.;
  • allspice peas - 10 pcs.;
  • bay leaf - 5 pcs.;
  • sugar - 2 tbsp. l .;
  • salt - 2 tbsp. l.

Cooking procedure:

  1. Mushrooms are washed and sorted.
  2. Soak for 14 hours.
  3. Cook for 25 minutes.
  4. Vegetables are finely chopped and, together with spices and vinegar, are added to the mushrooms.
  5. Cook for 10 minutes.
  6. Spread out in prepared jars.
  7. Cover them and put them in a cool place.

Important! The norm for the consumption of mushrooms by healthy adults is no more than 150 g per day.

Conclusion

Dirty ryadovka refers to edible mushrooms that are suitable for pickles, pickles, soups, and frying. However, it is important to remember: you can enter the collection only if you are fully confident that this is really the desired species. Before use, mushrooms should be subjected to mandatory pre-treatment in accordance with all the rules so as not to harm the body.


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