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Peas Ambrosia belongs to the early ripening sugar varieties of the crop. It is very popular with gardeners. Recommended for growing outdoors throughout Russia. The variety has a high taste and is suitable for fresh consumption, as well as preservation and freezing. To achieve maximum productivity when growing these peas, you need to familiarize yourself with the basic rules of agricultural technology.
Ambrosia peas are distinguished by their delicate sweet fruits
Description of Ambrosia peas with photo
The culture is a herbaceous annual plant. Its stems are weak, 50-70 cm long, hollow inside. The root system is pivotal. The leaves are feathery, and a mustache is formed at their base, which cling to the support. The color of the plates is dull, gray-green, with a waxy coating. At the base of each leaf there are two semi-heart-shaped bracts, which, like the leaves, participate in the process of photosynthesis.
The flowers of the Ambrosia pea are located in the axils of the leaves. They are moth type, purple in color. The upper petal of the corolla is large with an extended limb, which is why it is called a sail or a flag. The lower petals, fused together, form a kind of boat.
According to the description of the variety, the fruits of the Ambrosia sugar peas are flat beans up to 10 cm long. In each of them, 7-8 peas are formed, which, when ripe, acquire a sweetish-starchy taste. The walls of the fruit are juicy, fleshy, without a parchment layer. The diameter of the peas reaches 8-9 mm. Collection at the stage of technical maturity is recommended. When fully ripe, the pods' shells are roughened, and the peas change color from bright green to yellow and become wrinkled.
Important! To harvest the crop from July to late autumn, it is recommended to sow 3-4 times every ten days.
Peas Ambrosia - self-pollinated crop
Advantages and disadvantages
This variety has many advantages that make it stand out from the rest. But Ambrosia peas also have disadvantages. Therefore, before giving it preference, you should study the strengths and weaknesses of the variety.
Productivity of Ambrosia from 1 sq. m is 1.3 kg
- high productivity;
- excellent taste;
- versatility of application;
- early maturity;
- friendly return of fruits;
- undemanding care;
- resistance to temperature extremes.
- needs support;
- average resistance to diseases and pests.
Important! The beans of the sugar peas Ambrosia, in contrast to the shelling varieties of the crop, can be consumed whole fresh and stewed.
How to plant Ambrosia peas
This culture belongs to the category of light-loving. Therefore, for Ambrosia peas, you should choose well-lit areas. In this case, the soil should be sandy loam or loamy with a low or neutral level of acidity.
Sowing seeds should be carried out when the threat of return frosts has passed. In the southern regions, it is recommended to start planting in the last decade of April, and in the central and northern regions - throughout May.
For successful seed germination, it is important that the soil is well saturated with moisture after winter, so it is not recommended to delay sowing. In the event of a sharp cold snap, the bed with this crop should be covered with agrofibre.
Important! The best precursors for Ambrosia peas are cucumbers, pumpkin, potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage.
The seeds need pre-sowing soaking, which will improve their germination. To do this, pour them into a container and pour water at room temperature so that the liquid completely covers the peas. Duration of soaking is 12-15 hours. But the water should be changed every two hours.
In the absence of time, this procedure can be accelerated. To do this, pour the Ambrosia pea seeds with hot water at a temperature of + 50-55 ° C and add micronutrient fertilizer to it. In this case, the planting material must be kept for five minutes. Pre-soaking allows you to activate the growth processes in the seeds.
Also, to prevent infection with diseases, you need to soak the seeds in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for 15 minutes. After that, they should be rinsed with plain water and planted.
Important! It is necessary to soak Ambrosia pea seeds just before planting, since after the procedure they can no longer be stored.
Garden and soil preparation
You need to start preparing the beds in the fall. To do this, you need to dig up the area and add humus at the rate of 5 kg per 1 sq. Also add additionally 35 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulphide.
With the arrival of spring, the soil in the garden bed must be loosened to a depth of 7 cm and leveled well. After that, you can start sowing.
Planting peas in their original place can be carried out after four years.
Planting Ambrosia peas
Sowing ragweed peas does not cause any particular difficulties. You can carry out the procedure at any time of the day.
Algorithm of actions:
- Make grooves at a distance of 20-30 cm and a depth of 3-4 cm.
- Water them abundantly and wait until the moisture is completely absorbed.
- Spread the prepared Ambrosia pea seeds at a distance of 10-15 cm.
- Sprinkle with earth and compact the surface well.
Important! Before seedlings emerge, cover the beds with branches, netting, agrofibre or film, as birds can pull seeds out of the ground.
The first shoots appear 5-7 days after planting
Agrotechnics of growing sugar peas Ambrosia does not involve complex actions. Therefore, to get a good harvest, it is enough to adhere to the standard care rules.
Timely watering is extremely important for Ambrosia peas, as it belongs to the category of moisture-loving crops. It is necessary to moisten the planting bed every week with the soil getting wet to a depth of 5-7 cm. And during the period of fruit formation, it is recommended to water every 2-3 days. For irrigation, use settled water with a temperature of + 15-20 ° C.
After each watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil between the rows. This will prevent crust formation on the soil surface and keep the air flowing to the roots of the plant.
If at the stage of preparing the site nutrients were introduced, then this culture does not particularly need additional fertilizing. Additionally, you can use only complex mineral fertilizers with a high content of potassium and phosphorus at the stage of formation and ripening of fruits. This will improve their taste and speed up the collection.
Important! When growing ragweed peas, it is not recommended to apply nitrogen fertilizers, as they enhance the growth of green mass to the detriment of fruit formation.
To increase bushiness, it is recommended to pinch the main shoot of Ambrosia peas at a height of 20-25 cm. This stimulates the growth of lateral branches. As soon as they grow 20-25 cm, they should also be pinched. Such a procedure will increase the yield of the plant, but will significantly slow down the harvest. Therefore, pinching is recommended if there is limited space for planting this culture on the site.
For the successful cultivation of Ambrosia peas, it is necessary to tie the plants to a support. For this, you can use a trellis. The garter should be started when the length reaches 25-30 cm. If this is not done in time, then the shoots of the Ambrosia peas will begin to lie down. As a result, they will not have enough light, and dampness will form at the base of the bushes, which will cause rotting of the fruit.
The garter also promotes uniform ripening of the crop and improves the palatability of the beans, as they are then well lit by the sun and accumulate sugar.
Harvesting can be done in 50-55 days
Disease and pest control
If the growing conditions do not match, the immunity of Ambrosia peas decreases. This can lead to damage to the plant by pests and diseases.
- Pea weevil. The danger is posed by the larvae of the pest, which feed on the leaves of the plant. Females lay eggs on the back of the leaves in spring.
At the first signs of infection with a pea weevil, it is necessary to spray the plantings with Aktara insecticide
- Aphid. A small insect that forms a whole colony. The pest feeds on the sap of young leaves and shoots.
To destroy aphids, you need to spray the Ambrosia peas with Karbofos or Corado
- Ascochitis. Disease can be recognized by spots on beans and leaves. In case of mass infection, the plant cannot be saved.
To destroy aphids, you need to spray the Ambrosia peas with Karbofos or Corado
- Fusarium. The disease is caused by soil fungi that infect the root system of Ambrosia peas. Plants wither sharply, they can no longer be treated.
To prevent the spread of fusarium, you need to remove diseased bushes and water the planting of peas with a solution of Previkur Energy
Important! In the event of a rainy, cool summer, it is recommended to carry out preventive treatment of plants with fungicides every ten days.
Peas Ambrosia belongs to the category of varieties that, with minimal care, are capable of showing high performance. This is confirmed by numerous reviews. Therefore, among the variety of types of culture, gardeners prefer this particular variety.
Reviews about Ambrosia peas
Alexandra Stepnova, Bryansk
Ambrosia peas are always my priority, since when planting every ten days, the crop can be harvested from July until the very frost. Planting maintenance is minimal; with drip irrigation, the plants develop well. The beans are sweet in taste, juicy and fleshy. I use the crop for freezing for the winter. I cook first and second courses on the basis of Ambrosia peas.
Egor Smilyakov, Kaluga
I grow this variety all the time. I like the sweetish taste of peas and young Ambrosia beans. I plant in early May and harvest the first crop in mid-July. I store fresh fruits in the refrigerator for no more than ten days. I use the rest of the crop for freezing and winter harvesting. With minimal maintenance, you can collect from 1 sq. about 1.3 kg of Ambrosia peas.