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Openwork is a young variety that was bred to replace some European varieties of potatoes. It is rapidly gaining popularity among gardeners, as it has an attractive appearance and excellent taste. And the result of the work can be estimated already in July.
Azhur potatoes were bred by Russian breeders. The originator of this variety is the Sedek agricultural company. In 2017, a new variety was added to the state register of the Russian Federation. Gardeners began to actively multiply and sell it.
Openwork is recommended for cultivation in the Central region of Russia. This includes Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Ryazan, Kaluga, Bryansk and other regions. In the southern parts of the country, potatoes can be harvested twice a season.
Openwork is a mid-early table variety that brings a good harvest. From the moment of germination to full maturation of potatoes, 75-85 days pass. But you can start digging it 20-25 days earlier.
The plant forms a sprawling, vigorous bush that can grow up to 45-55 cm in height. Large dark green leaves grow unevenly on it. They have a wrinkled structure and a slightly wavy edge. At the top of the bush are inflorescences of large, light lilac flowers.
Azhura tubers are medium in size and oval in shape. The dense rind is dark pink in color. The surface of the potato is smooth, the eyes are small and shallow. The pulp contains a large amount of carotene, so it has a straw color. The taste is rich, with a pronounced aroma.
The mass of tubers is in the range of 100-120 grams. One bush can produce 8-15 root crops. Gardeners get an average of 45-50 tons of crops from one hectare. Small potatoes are rare, almost all potatoes are the same size.
Potatoes of this variety are characterized by a high starch content (about 14-16%), therefore they are widely used in cooking. Ideal for frying, preparing salads and soups.
Attention! After boiling, the pulp does not darken.
Advantages and disadvantages
This potato variety is very young, but promising. Openwork is characterized by a number of advantages:
- Early ripening. Potatoes for food are dug out already at the end of June - the first half of July.
- Excellent presentation and taste. Suitable for sale.
- High productivity.
- Keeping quality of root crops is 95%. When favorable conditions are created, potatoes of this variety can be stored for a long time without spoilage.
- It tolerates drought well and does not require frequent watering.
- Unpretentious to the composition of the soil.
- It is not affected by potato crayfish and scab, has an average resistance to late blight.
The disadvantages of the Azhur potato include its susceptibility to the golden nematode. Landings are often attacked by Colorado beetles, wireworms and moths. For the prevention of diseases, it is recommended to treat the bushes with special preparations. Young tubers are subject to mechanical damage, as they have a thin and delicate skin.
Azhur potatoes are planted in April-May, when the ground warms up to +12 degrees. It is undesirable to tighten with landing. High or low air temperatures have a negative effect on tuber germination. The potatoes are planted in a flat, well-lit area. The best predecessors of the crop are winter crops and legumes. Planting potatoes of the Azhur variety should not be near tomatoes and apple trees.
In the fall, humus or peat is added to the site at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 m2... Mineral fertilizers are also added: superphosphate, potassium sulfate and wood ash. After fertilization, the soil is disinfected, dug up and weeds are removed. You do not need to break the lumps. In the spring, the soil is loosened and leveled with a rake. The procedure facilitates the access of water and air to the roots of the plant.
Attention! Fresh manure should not be used for fertilization. Otherwise, the tubers will be watery and tasteless.
15 days before planting, openwork potatoes begin to germinate. Tubers are sorted out, sick and damaged ones are discarded. They are then cleaned and washed as bacteria can remain in the soil. The selected seed material is disinfected in a solution of boric acid (1 tbsp. L powder per bucket of water). To activate the growth processes, the tubers are sprayed with a solution of potassium permanganate (2 g per 10 l of water) or an infusion of ash (2 glasses per 4 l of water). The potatoes are dried and removed to a bright place. The air temperature in the room should be from +12 to +16 degrees.
Azhura tubers are planted in holes or grooves to a depth of 5-10 cm.The interval between the bushes should be about 25 cm, and between the rows - 55-60 cm.If fertilizers were not applied during the autumn digging, they must be separately poured into each hole. This potato variety loves potash dressing.
Azhur potatoes are unpretentious, so it is enough to provide him with minimal care. It includes hilling, watering, loosening and removing weeds.
Watering and loosening
Despite the fact that this variety tolerates a lack of moisture well, watering will only benefit in dry and hot summers. Irrigation is carried out during the period when the sun is least active - in the early morning or late evening. On average 1 m2 requires about 45-50 liters of water. Typically, the crop is irrigated every 10-14 days, and during drought, every 4-5 days. With sufficient rainfall, you can limit yourself to three waterings per season.
A few days after irrigation, the soil must be loosened, otherwise a crust will form on the surface of the earth. Gardeners also recommend mulching between rows. The procedure will help retain moisture and prevent weeds.
Azhur potatoes require at least two hilling with an interval of 21 days. In some cases, the number of procedures can increase up to four times. Work is carried out in cloudy weather, while the ground should be wet.
The bushes begin to huddle when they grow up to 8-12 cm. Re-hilling is carried out when the shoots reach 25 cm in height. But before the planting procedure, they are cleared of weeds.
Important! During the flowering of potatoes, hilling should be carried out carefully, since during this period the formation of tubers occurs. Any careless action can damage them.
Variety Azhur has a positive attitude towards fertilization. In order to achieve the desired effect, the potatoes need to be fed at each stage of their maturation. After the emergence of seedlings, organic matter is introduced into the soil. Manure or poultry droppings are diluted in water in a ratio of 1:15 and infused for two days.
Before flowering, potatoes are fertilized with a solution of 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate, 3 tbsp. wood ash and 10 liters of water. Some gardeners prefer to spray the bushes with a urea solution (300 g per 10 liters of water).
During the flowering period, both mineral and organic fertilizing can be applied to the soil. You can apply the following composition: two tablespoons of superphosphate, a bucket of water and a mullein.
Diseases and pests
The Azhur variety is resistant to potato crayfish and scab. But it can be affected by the golden nematode and late blight.
The photo shows a potato affected by a golden nematode.
Consider in the table the most common diseases of the Azhur potato:
The bushes turn yellow and lag behind in development. The foliage dries and curls. Many adventitious roots are formed. The tubers are small.
The infected plant is dug up together with an earthen clod and destroyed. Planting potatoes alternate with rye, beans, marigolds and calendula. In case of severe damage, chemical preparations are used - thionazine.
The appearance of brown spots on leaves and stems. At high humidity, a white coating forms. On the tubers of the potato Azhur, depressed spots are found.
Of the chemicals used, Quadris, Ridomil Gold or Bordeaux mixture. From biological - Trichodermin or Fitosporin. The plant is sprayed according to the instructions.
Dry, brown spots appear on the leaves and stems. The tubers are covered with large depressed spots.
Before planting, the tubers are sprayed with Integral or Bactofid. During the growing season, the following drugs are used: Profit, Abiga-Peak, Thanos, Novozri and Metamil.
Of the pests, potato bushes Azhur usually infect Colorado beetles, wireworm, common bear and moth. Against them, drugs such as Aktara, Prestige, Corado and Regent are most effective.
Early potatoes for eating are dug out at the end of June - the first half of July. During this period, the bushes will fade and the foliage will wither. The ripe crop is harvested in August. The potatoes are fully ripe when the tops wilt. When harvesting, the bush is carefully dug in with a pitchfork and pulled by the tops.
Before storage, the tubers are sorted out, the rotten and sick are thrown away. Then the potatoes are harvested into the cellar or into a special pit lined with boards. In this case, the air temperature should be from +2 to +4. If it is higher, the tubers will sprout. Azhur potatoes can be stored for a long time.
Openwork is a young potato variety that is easy and unpretentious to grow. Produces a good harvest on any soil. Great for both private gardeners and mass production. The tubers have an attractive appearance, and the taste and aroma of potatoes will not leave anyone indifferent.
Alexey, 43 years old, Ryazan
I planted 10 potato tubers Azhur on my plot. I am delighted. In early August, I harvested, 20 root crops weighing from 160 to 200 grams came out from each bush. The peel is pink, the flesh is yellow, the taste is excellent. According to my calculations, about 80-100 tons of crops can be harvested from one hectare.
Marina, 30 years old, Ivanovo
Last year I planted Azhur. I bought 10 tubers the size of a walnut. The harvest was very good, in total about 4 buckets of large potatoes were harvested. It contains a large percentage of starch. When boiled, it is boiled. My children say that this potato is for the lazy, as mashed potatoes are prepared immediately. The variety loves loose soil and various top dressing.