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Irises are perennial flowers that are popular with landscape designers. This is due to their high decorative qualities, unpretentious care and compatibility with many other garden crops. Now there are more than 700 species of these flowers, which differ in the size of the glass, the height of the bush and the color of the petals. Irises in landscape design are also appreciated for the fact that they can grow in one place for more than 15 years, which allows you to create perennial compositions that do not require complex care.
Irises help bring any floral arrangement to life
Features of planning landscape design with irises
When using irises in garden design, the characteristics of this plant must be taken into account. Its root system is located superficially, so it cannot withstand competition with stronger partners. In addition, this perennial is photophilous and with a lack of sunlight, the bush stretches, which leads to a decrease in decorativeness.
The flowering period of irises is not long, but their advantage is that they are universal. Therefore, this perennial can be used in all group compositions, as well as used as a tapeworm. Iris is considered a transitional link, as it successfully fills the temporary space between the flowering of spring and summer crops. During the budding period, the plot or garden is filled with colors, and even the most ordinary-looking corners look elegant and elegant.
What plants is iris combined with?
When using irises in the garden and for decorating a site, as in the photo below, you need to learn how to properly combine these perennials with other crops. When planting in groups, the plants should not interfere with each other to develop, bloom.
Important! There are several varieties of perennials that differ in the height of the bushes and the shape of the glass, so when choosing partners, you need to pay attention to this feature.
When combining irises in landscape design, the following cultures are ideal partners for:
- oriental poppy;
- different types of juniper;
- all types of phlox;
Low-growing plants such as pansies, marigolds, daisies, forget-me-nots can be used as the foreground in the flowerbed.
The advantage of a perennial is undemanding to care
The use of irises in garden design
Irises are among the versatile colors that can be used in a variety of landscaping styles.
Existing perennial species:
- dwarf (up to 45 cm) - ideal for alpine slides, rockeries;
- medium-sized (45-70 cm) - most often used in group plantings;
- high (from 75 cm) - used for the background of flower beds and decoration of reservoirs.
Depending on the idea of the florist, you can use irises in the landscape design of the garden, as shown in the photo, in different ways.
The most successful options for using this perennial:
- Tapeworm. Irises look favorably as separate bushes against the background of a green lawn.
- Mono flowers. To decorate the garden, many landscape designers advise creating flower beds of different sizes with the participation of flowers of one or two shades.
- Rabatki. In this case, irises should be planted on one or both sides of the garden path.
- Rock gardens. To obtain a successful composition, this flowering perennial is best combined with dwarf species of pines and spruces.
- On the shore of the reservoir. Often, there is an artificial pond in the landscape design of the garden, so the irises look perfect along the coastline. In this case, it is better to use swamp flower species.
When using irises in the landscape design of the garden (pictured below), it should be borne in mind that bearded species prefer to grow in open sunny areas, and beardless ones are able to withstand light partial shade without prejudice to flowering.
Stone boulders can favorably emphasize the beauty of irises.
Irises in the landscape design of a summer cottage
This perennial can be found at every second summer cottage. This popularity is explained by the unpretentiousness of the plant, which does not cause much trouble to the grower. Often, irises in the landscape design of a summer cottage, as seen in the photo, are used to create bright accents and decorate buildings. This perennial can be planted along the fence, at the entrance to the gazebo, in the flowerbed near the porch.
An excellent solution would be the idea of using irises in a summer cottage, which can be seen in the photo, in the form of 5-6 separate groups made up of various types of plants. The distance between them should be at least 1-1.5 m, which will allow perennials to fully develop and bloom.
Important! Such group plantings look great against the background of dark soil, so during the flowering period, the space between them can be covered with peat chips.
Irises go well with peonies
Beds and flower beds with irises
As you can see in the photo, irises in the garden and on the personal plot are most often used to create flower beds and flower beds. In landscape design, such compositions are called iridariums. This means that only irises are used for planting, but different varieties and species of this perennial are allowed. In this case, it is very important to choose the right plants that match each other in the shade of the petals, the height of the bush and the timing of flowering.
When creating an iridarium, you need to adhere to the following rules:
- pale varieties are lost against the background of bright species;
- variegated species should be combined with monochromatic;
- different dark varieties are not compatible with each other.
Important! When creating flower beds in the foreground, it is better to plant dwarf species with a distance of 12-15 cm. They should be followed by medium-sized ones, and in the very center - high ones at the rate of 4 pcs. for 1 sq. m.
Compositions with irises in the garden and on the site
Due to the short flowering of irises, landscape designers recommend using this flower in multicomponent compositions. This helps to create an evenly changing picture as individual groups of plants bloom.
A combination of irises with roses can be ideal. In this case, the former successfully mask the bare shoots of the latter. The composition can be supplemented with daylilies, which bloom later and, moreover, do not give a lot of shade. When planting irises with delphiniums, you need to take into account the voluminous foliage of the latter and plant the plants at a sufficient distance.
Here is an example of creating a multicomponent flower arrangement using bearded irises in bluish-blue-violet tones, where other crops need to be selected in the same color scheme and only lilies should be used in a yellow or orange shade.
Planting according to the scheme will allow you to achieve long flowering flower beds
It is always important to consider the height of the plants
Rules and examples of flower beds with irises
This perennial looks organically in any style of landscape design. And photos of irises with other flowers in the garden only prove this.
Irises look good in combination with cereals
This perennial near the reservoir looks perfect
Monochromatic hosta goes well with variegated types of irises.
It is beneficial to combine irises with lupine, as they set off the beauty of each other
The creation of landscape design requires compliance with 3 rules:
- unity of style;
- simplicity of design;
- observance of the dominant rule.
Only a clear implementation of these recommendations will allow you to create exquisite flower arrangements on your site, where each element will complement the other.
Irises in landscape design are an ideal perennial, flowering of which occurs at a time when spring crops have already withered, and summer crops have not yet blossomed. Thanks to this, the garden or personal plot begins to shine with new colors, albeit not for long. Therefore, the popularity of the plant is growing every year, and its unpretentiousness only contributes to this.