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Today, many owners of backyard and summer cottages are engaged in the cultivation of onions for a turnip. Provided that the rules of agricultural technology are followed, you can get a rich harvest of a tasty and healthy vegetable. Unfortunately, part of the crop becomes worthless after harvesting. Isn't it a shame, because so much work has been invested!
The most common cause of crop loss is an unripe or overripe vegetable. Novice gardeners are often interested in the timing of harvesting turnip onions. Note that this is a very important point. Onions harvested on time can be stored all winter, and your family will be provided with a vitamin and healthy vegetable.
Determining the terms
Why is it important to pick the bulbs from the garden on time? The fact is that if you choose the wrong harvest time, the vegetable begins to rot in the ground. Harvested onions, no matter how well dried, will not be able to be stored for a long time.
Not a single gardener will be able to name exactly when to dig a turnip, no matter how rich he may have experience in growing a plant. First, it will depend on the region of residence. Secondly, what material the vegetable was grown from. After all, you can get large bulbs from seedlings, grown seedlings or by sowing seeds directly into the ground.
Suppose that the seedlings or seedlings were planted in the ground in early May, which means that harvesting can be done by the end of July, early August. Onions planted in late April should be dug at the end of July. The timing of harvesting a turnip grown from seed will be different. The main thing is to harvest the crop without loss of quantity and quality.
Attention! The named terms are approximate, because they also depend on the type of onion.
Experienced gardeners know when to dig onions out of the ground, as they have many secrets.
Orientation for external signs
So, when to harvest onion, what you need to pay attention to.
During the summer, the feathers are juicy, green. Over time, when a turnip is poured in the ground, they begin to change their color. Gardeners should closely monitor these changes because the plant signals ripening:
- The stems dry up and turn yellow.
- The neck of the bulb becomes thinner, softer, begins to dry out.
- The feathers do not stand upright, but lie on the garden bed.
- You can check the readiness of the onions for harvesting by the scales. Pull out the onion: if they are dry and rustling, they can be easily removed - the time for harvesting the onions has come.
Warning! The turnip is harvested only when the stems are completely yellow and lie on the garden bed.
Mathematics is indispensable
Not all gardeners are satisfied with the way of determining the harvesting time by external changes. After all, the reason for yellowing and lodging of feathers can be not only the ripeness of the vegetable, but also other reasons. Therefore, they call for help from mathematics and believe that in this case it is almost impossible to make a mistake with cleaning.
Growing onions over the years, gardeners have noticed that they ripen about 70 days after planting.
It turns out that, planted on May 20, the vegetable is ready for harvest on August 1.
Do not forget that in terms of ripening, a vegetable can belong to early, middle or late varieties. This is also an important fact that influences the question of when to dig out onions.
It should be noted that the number 70 is the same for any type of onion. When gardeners buy packets of seeds, it is often written on them that it takes 68 to 83 days to ripen. We recommend that novice gardeners focus on the average - 70-75 days, you can never go wrong.
Advice! If you combine the external signs of vegetable ripening and mathematical calculations, you can most accurately determine the timing of harvesting the bulbs from the garden.
Climate is important
More than once, gardeners have complained that the climate in Russia has changed dramatically. This also affects the choice of the period for digging the turnip. Summer is not necessary for summer: one year is arid, hot, which contributes to the acceleration of ripening. Another year, on the contrary, can be rainy and cool, therefore, onions are harvested later.
It turns out that even the most experienced gardener who knows the basics of agricultural technology will not give a single answer to the question often asked by beginners when to pick onions from the garden. After all, the timing of cleaning depends on many factors that must be taken into account:
- region of residence;
- spring planting time;
- used planting material;
- climatic features of spring and summer in the current year;
- onion varieties by ripening time;
- correct application of agricultural technology.
It will not be possible to harvest the entire crop at the same time, even of one variety, because they ripen unevenly, let alone different varieties. Experienced gardeners choose bulbs as they ripen. That is why the recommendations do not give the exact number of days required to grow this vegetable.
Onion harvesting rules
The timing of digging out onions is related to the rules of harvesting. The fact is that 2 weeks before the planned work, you need to stop watering the beds. This is one of the important agrotechnical requirements. The onion must stop growing in order to absorb the nutrients from the green stem.
Watering before harvesting reduces the keeping quality of the vegetable, leading to the development of putrefactive processes. In addition, due to watering, the onions will not have time to reach marketable condition. The rains that began during the drying period of the turnip also have a negative effect on the preservation of the vegetable.
When the approximate time for digging the bulbs out of the ground is scheduled, it is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the stem for the remaining period before harvesting. A well-ripened onion will have a soft appearance. But you should not dry out the base of the stem before harvesting. In this case, the taste of the onion deteriorates.
Important! As a rule, onions are harvested gradually as they ripen, but no longer than 10 days.
Knowing when to dig onions for a turnip is also important because you will have to choose a sunny day for harvesting. To keep the vegetable well, it needs to be fried in the sun.
For digging, it is better to take a pitchfork rather than a shovel, so as not to damage the bulbs. It is not always possible to pull out a turnip just like that without damaging the stem. The harvested crop is laid out on the garden bed for the whole day in one layer. The bulbs are laid out in the same way for capital drying. Then the stem is cut off.
If it rains at the time when you need to collect the turnip, you do not need to postpone work until later. We remove the onions from the ground as quickly as possible, otherwise, under the influence of excess moisture, it will begin to germinate and rot already in the ground. In this case, the turnip will have to be dried under a well-ventilated canopy, and as soon as possible, take the bulbs outside.
Attention! It is not recommended to shake off the ground by tapping the bulbs against each other: trauma to the pulp reduces keeping quality.
When and how to harvest onions, tips:
As you can see, the question of when to harvest the bulbs grown for the turnip can be really solved. We have indicated important points to pay attention to. Gardeners, even beginners, can calculate harvest times. The main thing is the implementation of cultivation agrotechnics, proper care of onion plantings. And the harvest harvested on time will be stored throughout the long winter. A tasty and healthy vegetable is essential at this time to maintain immunity.