Self-pollinated cucumber varieties

Self-pollinated cucumber varieties


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Cucumber is a favorite vegetable for most gardeners. Modern selection includes more than 90 varieties of this crop, among which self-pollinated cucumbers occupy a special place. They have a pistil and a stamen, pollination of which occurs without the participation of insects, which gives the varieties a number of advantages over their bee-pollinated counterparts. Thanks to this, hybrids are in special demand among both novice gardeners and experienced farmers.

Hybrid advantages

Self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers are called the property of selection. They have a number of significant advantages:

  • the stamen is pollinated under the influence of water droplets, dew, without the participation of insects, which makes it possible to grow crops in a barrier greenhouse environment;
  • frost resistance makes it possible to plant early and get the first harvest at the end of May;
  • disease resistance;
  • high productivity;
  • early maturity;
  • successful cultivation in the open field, even in the absence of favorable weather conditions.

The hybrid is particularly hardy and suitable for greenhouse and open field cultivation. The yield of some of its varieties reaches 35-40 kg / m2... A wide variety of self-pollinated varieties allows you to choose delicious, crispy cucumbers for fresh consumption and preservation.

Variety selection

When choosing a variety, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the purpose of vegetables and, accordingly, their size, taste, suitability for conservation, yield.

Vegetable for salad

We wish you fresh cucumber in early spring as never before. The greenhouse in this case allows you to grow a rich harvest, despite the low temperatures. So, for early greenhouse planting, varieties are considered the best:

Danila F1

The length of the cucumber is 10-15 cm, and its weight is approximately 120 grams. The yield of the variety is 13-14 kg / m2.

Early ripe variety, salad, with a small amount of thorns. Suitable for early planting in a heated greenhouse, which allows you to get an early harvest, 35-40 days after germination. The medium branching makes it easy to tie in a greenhouse.

Fruits are very lumpy, dark green in color with excellent taste.

Mazay F1

Differs in nodular flowering, in which 2-3 ovaries can form simultaneously, which allows you to get a uniformly ripening crop.

Medium branched hybrid, early ripening. Forms fruits 38-42 days after the seeds sprout. Mazai F1 has comprehensive protection against a number of diseases. The recommended density of greenhouse planting is 2-3 bushes per 1m2.

The average length of this variety is 13 cm, weight 110 g, yield 15 kg / m2... The vegetable is preferable for fresh salads, since it contains absolutely no bitterness. In the absence of a greenhouse, early-ripening varieties can be planted in open ground, initially protected by a film. This allows you to grow bushy, highly growing hybrids:

Amur

It is popular due to its early maturity (35-38 days after seed germination). The peak yield occurs in the first month of fruiting. The variety is especially bushy, therefore it is more often planted in open ground. Excellent resistance to temperature extremes and diseases also allows it to grow successfully outside the greenhouse.

Cucumbers of this variety are oval, small-knobby, up to 15 cm long. They have excellent taste and are recommended for making fresh salads. The average weight of one vegetable is 100 grams. The yield of the variety is 12-14 kg / m2.

Orpheus F1

Resistant to low and high temperatures. This allows sowing from April to July and harvesting from May to October, respectively.

Refers to medium bushy varieties, which is preferable for growing in unprotected soil. The fruits of this variety are characterized by a large number of thorns.

The first cucumbers appear 40-45 days after the seeds germinate. The fruit has an excellent taste without bitterness. The average length of a dark green cucumber is 10 cm, weight 80 g. The disadvantage of the variety is its relatively low yield (5-8 kg / m2). Self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers can be grown not only in a greenhouse or in a garden bed, but also at home, on a balcony. Suitable varieties for this are:

April F1

The fruits are distinguished by excellent taste and unusually large size. Their average length is 25 cm, and their weight is 200-250 g. Variety yield 24 kg / m2

The variety is especially popular due to its high yield and unpretentious care, adapted for growing in greenhouses, pots. Borage is a little bushy, high-growing, requires a garter. The hybrid is resistant to common diseases, temperature extremes. The period of sowing seeds is May, fruiting occurs 45-50 days after the germination of crops.

This amount of vegetables allows you not only to feast on fresh cucumbers, but also to prepare pickles for the winter.

Balcony F1

The fruits belong to the category of gherkins. Their length varies from 6 to 10 cm.In one bosom of the borage, from 2 to 6 ovaries can form, which provides a yield of 11 kg / m2.

The name of this variety speaks of its adaptability to growth at home. Seeds can be sown in April-May and after 4-6 weeks the active fruiting phase begins. The plant is medium bushy with a lash length of up to 2.5 meters, which requires an obligatory garter.

Zelens of this variety are prickly, dense, crunchy, do not contain bitterness, suitable for conservation, salting.

Vegetable for the winter

For farmers who grow vegetables for sale, and thrifty owners, the most important indicator when choosing a variety of cucumbers is yield. So, high-yielding varieties include:

Herman F1

An early high-yielding hybrid suitable for indoor and outdoor sowing. The period from sowing to fruiting is 38-40 days.

In the axil of a plant, 6-7 ovaries can form simultaneously, which provides a high yield - 20 kg / m2.

The average length of the greenery is 9 cm, its weight is 80 g. The fruits have excellent taste, without buckwheat. They are the best option for preservation due to the miniature size and taste of pickles.

Kinglet F1

The length of this variety is 20-22 cm, the average weight is 160-170 g. Great for pickling and preserving.

Mid-season variety, fruiting period 57-67 days from the date of germination. Suitable for greenhouse and open field planting, resistant to common diseases. Group ovary provides a yield of about 22 kg / m2.

Atlant

The hybrid has a truly record-breaking yield, which can reach 38 kg / m2... Differs in the simultaneous ripening of a large number of fruits of the mid-early period (57-60 days).

Seeds enter the active growth phase at a temperature of +10 0C, which allows sowing in the month of April. The plant is highly bushy with active shoot growth, therefore it is preferable to grow it outdoors.

Zelenets smooth, medium-sized (length 17-20 cm, weight 180 g), does not contain bitterness. Excellent for harvesting and preservation.

Flamingo

In order to understand which cucumbers are the most productive, you need to get acquainted with the Flamingo hybrid. Under favorable conditions and proper care of the plant, you can get a yield of 40 kg / m2.

This hybrid is mid-season and 58-65 days should pass from the moment of seed germination to the first harvest. Seeds can be sown already in the month of April, since the culture is cold-resistant. The plant is medium-sized and can be successfully grown in open and protected ground.

Fruits of an unusual cylindrical shape reach 20-24 cm in length. Their average weight is 240 grams. The surface of the cucumber is lumpy, smooth. The variety is intended for fresh consumption, canning, salting.

Features of growing self-pollinated cucumbers

Often, varietal seeds undergo special processing during the harvesting process. It protects the plant from diseases and promotes its active growth. In this case, they cannot be subjected to additional processing before sowing; the manufacturer, as a rule, indicates this on the packaging.

Self-pollinated cucumbers are highly resistant to cold weather, however, it is possible to sow seeds in the ground only after reaching the night temperature of + 10- + 15 0C. To obtain a high yield, special attention should be paid to feeding and especially watering the plants, since the cucumber consists almost entirely of water.

You can learn more about the features of growing hybrids by watching the video:

Self-pollinated hybrids include cucumber varieties that can grow outdoors, greenhouses, greenhouses, and even balconies. It only requires desire and suitable seeds. Hybrids are unpretentious and capable of producing a rich harvest with excellent taste in gratitude to the owner for minimal care.


Watch the video: Self Pollinating Cucumber Plant - Update